K-1 Viet Ngu Lessons and Routines

Updated: 7/19/2020 I’m still working on the technical part on how to type with Vietnamese accent marks on the WORD document.

Important: In order to view the reading lessons properly in Word document, please download and install the VPS Ha Noi Medium font first. Once you download the font and the Word Document below, make sure the font in Word is set to VPS Ha Noi Medium font. Use this website to type, copy, and paste the Vietnamese words onto WORD. Add period at the end of sentences in Word, not with this website because it will change the spelling of the words. VPS Ha Noi Medium (VPSNHM) font is used because it’s closest to the Zaner Bloser handwriting manuscript that the kids learned to write in the classrooms (in the United States). Change question marks from VPSHNM font to Arial font in Word because it will look weird. If you know of a better font that resembles the Zaner Bloser manuscript and is adaptable to the Vietnamese font, please let me know. Thanks.

VN Sight Words, Fluency, Phonics, Vocabulary Picture-Word Matching, Bilingual Photo Books

  • VNK1 Sight Words & Fluency Reading Practice 4-8
  • VNK1 Phonics Lessons & Charts
  • K1 Vocabulary matching card games: L5, L6, L7, L8
  • Bilingual books: I Like Fruits!, Grace’s Fruit Counting Book, Ethan’s Fruit Counting Book


Hi! This is going to be my ongoing documentation post for my Viet Ngu lessons that I am designing and planning as I go while teaching my children how to read and write Vietnamese. Having a degree in elementary education, a passion in teaching little the basic foundation of reading and writing, and some years of teaching kindergarten and first grade give me the confident that my created lesson plans design will help my children connect the Vietnamese language with the English language as they grow. Viet Ngu is an actual learning block I added into my daughter’s homeschooling schedule since summer started. Being a stay-at-home-mom made it possible for me to teach her Vietnamese and reinforce her English skills at the same time. I also planned on homeschooling her for her first grade year during this pandemic so will be determined to compile a complete year of Viet Ngu lessons to teach her.

Is this right for your child?

The lessons and teaching method are designed to teach my daughter, age five, who has completed a year in kindergarten, knows letter-sound concept and book print concept, can create and write a simple sentence in English, and is fluent in speaking Vietnamese at home. In Kindergarten, students learned that a sentence must have proper capitalization, spacing between words, a period or question mark at the end, and it must make sense.

I spent the first five years of my daughter’s life speaking and teaching her Vietnamese (95% of the time). I continue expanding her Vietnamese oral vocabulary through engaging daily life activities such as gardening, cooking, exploring, free play, and reading (picture walking) stories in Vietnamese using English children literature and decodable books.

Weekly Lesson Layout

Just like the English language arts block, my Viet Ngu language arts block focus on sight words recognition, fluency reading, comprehension, word families, sounding-out and blending to decode words, spelling, vocabulary, writing, and oral communication. The weekly lesson objectives are clear and daily lesson routines help makes the little learners knows what to expect once she/he gets used to the routine.

I applied the spiral teaching method which is a method based on the premise that a student learns more about a subject each time the topic is reviewed or encountered. The idea is that each time a student encounters the topic, the student expands their knowledge or improves their skill level. The weekly lesson plans are designed to teach and review within thirty minutes.

The weekly Viet ngu lessons includes 6 components or important parts.

Part 1: 10 Sight Words Recognition & Fluency Reading Practice: Each lesson will have ten sight words that my daughter are expected to recognize, read, spell, and write it correctly. I would go over the meaning of each word in Vietnamese and provide the English translation for the words as well. I model making up oral sentences using the word and allow my daughter to tell me a sentence using that word. I also teach and model how to sound out the word to read it and have her sound out the word for me. She practices reading the word quickly in order or in random order too. The fluency reading passage on the page includes only the sight words and word families that current and previous lessons have introduced so it’s all familiar texts to the child.

Part 2: Sight Words Handwriting and Spelling Practice: I have model and have my daughter practice sounding out, blending, and reading each word. At this age of 5/6 years-old, I have my daughter practices writing each sight word once a day. She sound out (danh van) as she is writing the word at the same time. I prefer to use Pacon’s primary lined writing paper for this activity instead of printing out handwriting paper for her.

Part 3: Phonics and Word Family Practice: I am going to use the learning objectives from my daughter’s Viet Ngu Kindergarten workbook, Tieng Nuoc Toi, created by Truong Thanh Toma Thien from Giao Xu Thanh Giuse, 1902 S. Belt Line Road, Grand Prairie Texas, 75051 (www.tomathien.org) as a guideline to help me organize this part of the lesson. I would model and have my daughter practice sounding out and blend to read the phonetic words. This process is basically call “danh van” in Vietnamese. These word families words would also be included in the fluency reading passages as well.

Part 4: Vocabulary Picture and Word Cards Page: I turned the phonics and word family practice into a picture and word matching game. Matching the picture to word card also helps me know she understands what the words mean. After all, reading is not just being able to decode a word correctly, but also requires comprehension of what the word means. Since I don’t have time to create a printable version, I would write the words on cut out sentence strips and use purchased picture cards set or use photos I have taken, found on google, or from my purchased clip arts through educational software in the past. I also have my daughter practice writing these words on writing paper or lined magnetic writing board. These words will be added to future fluency reading passages.

Part 5: Pocket Chart Activities: My daughter likes pocket chart activities. It’s engaging and easy for her to manipulate word cards instead of making her sit in front of a workbook. Here are some activities I had my students in the past do and now having my daughter do with the pocket chart.

  • Build a Sentence & Read It: I used this same activity when I’m teaching English during Word Study in kindergarten and now having my daughter do this activity too. The kids love manipulating the words around to build sentences and reading it. It takes the frustration from writing skill out and allow them to focus on the reading language skills instead. You can follow up with a writing activity by making the kids practice writing the sentence they built. I write the words on cut out sentence strips to show manuscript. For words that may potentially be at the beginning of a sentence, I would write the capitalized version on the back side. Don’t use permanent markers because it will bleed through. You can also color code words by using different colored sentence strips or colored flip chart markers.
  • Matching Picture to Word Card Game: I have my daughter match the picture and word cards on the pocket chart at times. It’s a quick easy task that I can visually assess her understanding for her vocabulary words.
  • Sorting Word or Picture Cards – I will have my daughter sort out word cards based on vowels or accent marks in columns on the pocket chart as she learns more words. You can have your child sort out the word or picture cards by a certain skill he/she needs to work on. Examples: color sort, rhyme sort, living-nonliving sort, noun-verb sort, etc.

Part 6: Assessments – At the end of each lesson, I would assessed my daughter to check for her mastery level by having her read the fluency reading passage and asking comprehensive questions, give her spelling tests over the sight words and word family words, and give her sentence dictations too.

Note: I’ve included Amazon links to recommended products at the end of this post.

Materials needed:

Below are the materials I recommend and are using to teach my children English and Vietnamese. You can help support my work by purchasing items from the direct Amazon link below. I recieve earnings only if you click on the link and make the purchase. Thank you in advance.

  • 3″ x 24″ Sentence strips – I recommend Pacon brand because it is thick and ink won’t bleed through
  • flip chart markers – bold, bright, doesn’t smudge or smear on paper, and doesn’t bleed through the sentence strips. Do NOT use permanent markers because it will bleed through.
  • pocket chart – for Build a Sentence activity, matching and sorting word and picture games
  • Pacon’s Primary K-2 lined writing paper
  • Trend’s Verbs and Picture Cards for pocket chart activities can be used to teach English or Vietnamese. I just write or label the Vietnamese word on the card. The cards are thick and sturdy. It has lasted more than 5 years in my classrooms with daily usage.
  • Lakeshore magnetic lined writing board

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  1. Do you have samples or a downloadable document for: VNK1 Phonics Lessons & Charts
    K1 Vocabulary matching card games: L5, L6, L7, L8?
    I would like to apply what you have created to help teach my son. Thank you for sharing your work and helping children keep their Vietnamese language.

    • Hi Rosa. Sorry but I haven’t updated or created new lesson for the last year. My gardening hobby takes up a lot of time so I asked me cousin to order me Viet Ngu phonic books for my daughter to practice. I just write up simple sentences for my daughter to practice reading.

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